Today, I will go over one saying and one expression again. As always, we will start off with the saying!
Wer nicht wagt, der nicht gewinnt
Who doesn’t dare, doesn’t win (i.e. no guts, no glory)
Its origin is not really known, and this saying probably just started by use. The premise that you have to do something to achieve something is logic. That this often also involves exposing oneself to harm also makes sense. From this, wer nicht wagt, der nicht gewinnt is quickly made.
This widely known saying has a clear meaning – take a risk if you want to achieve something, otherwise you will never be successful! So the next time you have to advise a good German friend that is too scared to talk to someone he or she likes, say this. The use is exactly the same as in English. Example:
Markus traut sich nicht Lisa anzusprechen, obwohl er sie wirklich mag. Daraufhin mutigte sein Freund Lars ihn an: Wer nicht wagt, der nicht gewinnt!
(Markus doesn’t dare to talk to Lisa, even though he really likes her. Thereupon his friend Lars encouraged him: Who doesn’t dare, doesn’t win!)
Öl ins Feuer gießen
Pour oil into the fire (i.e. Add fuel to the fire)
This expression already existed in Roman times. Back in those days, they had figured out the flammability of oil already. The Roman poet Horace already used this expression (oleum addere camino) in his Sermones. When you pour oil into fire, it burns even stronger. As in the English expression, it describes an act that makes a situation even more severe.
The use of this expression is basically the same as in English. For example:
Die Vereinigten Staaten schicken weiter Waffen in Krisengebieten und lindern die Kämpfe dort damit nicht. Das Land gießt damit nur Öl ins Feuer.
(The United States continue to send weapons to crisis areas and do not soothen the fights there that way. With this, the country only adds fuel to the fire.)
As always, if you have any suggestions for sayings or expressions – also English ones – that you want to see translated and broken down a bit, please write a comment below!